What are landscape design elements?

The perfect balance of these design features attracts the eye and brings harmony to a space. Every design, whether in the landscape, on a canvas or in a magazine, is based on common composition tools.

What are landscape design elements?

The perfect balance of these design features attracts the eye and brings harmony to a space. Every design, whether in the landscape, on a canvas or in a magazine, is based on common composition tools. These design elements include mass, shape, line, texture, and color. In the landscape, they are used to transform space and create a unique experience.

These seemingly abstract terms may be disconcerting to you. They can make you wonder how they can guide something so tangible, like your backyard. Let these act as guidelines for your landscape. Color is a simple and essential element in our daily lives, while in landscaping it is very complex.

Color tends to express a specific taste of a person or designer. Warm colors such as reds, oranges and yellows tend to advance towards the viewer, while cooler tones, such as blues, violets and greens, tend to fade into the background. Warm colors impact the eye faster than cold colors. Warm and cold color combinations have different visual impacts on the landscape.

Color is an important design consideration for both the soft landscape and the harsh landscape. The color of the foliage and the inflorescence create an environment. Therefore, the color composition must be contextualized together with the seasons on several levels and presented to form a harmonious design. Therefore, when trying to create a sequence of harmony through color, the details of plant species, such as flowers, fruits, changes in leaves and seasons, must be taken into account, together with the principles of color.

The lines can be real (real) or implicit (perceived). The lines are related to the movement or flow of the eye. They can be created vertically, horizontally, or curvilinear. The lines are created vertically depending on the height of the species or of the trees, shrubs or ground cover in the landscape arrangement.

Horizontal and curvilinear lines are created depending on the landscape plane. Therefore, the arrangement and sequence of the plants are dictated by the lines used in creating landscape design. Perceived lines are formed based on a series so that it appears that a line is implicit. After the arrangement of plants, the habit of the species may dictate lines implicit in the design.

The concept of lines and their creation depend on the purpose of the design. Whether as simple as walkways or as individualistic as herb garden designs, lines are fundamental elements that guide your design. The form is closely related to the line. The line is formed with the outline or border of the plant material or objects in a design, while the shape is more comprehensive.

Shape refers to the shape of a plant. Shape comes into play by placing plants according to their habit, which can be linear, upright, extended, drooping, etc. Plants can change their appearance very well depending on whether they are grouped or planted individually. The shape is associated with three-dimensional objects such as trees and shrubs.

Therefore, the composition of the design, when viewed as a whole, can be composed of grouped or individual forms of several plant species to adapt to the way the design results. Scale refers to the size of an object or objects in relation to the environment. Because it's so relative, it's about “does it look good? The scale and the proportion must be seen in context. Plants in landscape design must have a sense of size or of individual components in relation to groups.

Understand that the size of trees and shrubs must complement the structure with which you surround them. For example, a five-foot wall wouldn't look right next to a mansion. The frame must fit the image. Adapting to a sense of scale and proportion, in turn, can create unity and harmony in design.

Instead of abrupt changes in height and size, there would be a gradual transition that creates a harmonious coexistence with structure and landscape. Texture is a subtle but important element of landscape design. The roughness or fineness of a leaf or the texture of the bark, or even the heaviness of the foliage, play a role in the overall appearance of the design. The texture of plants differs between leaves, twigs, branches, bark and even flowers.

Contrasting textures add interest to the landscape and play an important role. Visually, the shape and surface of plant leaves tend to give the difference in texture. Therefore, if we divide the texture into thick, medium and fine, landscape design must use the texture to try to achieve a balance of the three types in the different spaces. When placing a thick-leaved tree, balance it by placing a tree or shrub with medium bark or leaves to create a smooth transition in the viewer's eye.

Or play with a contrasting texture. Avoid sticking with the same type, as it can lead to a rather dull looking result. The purpose of using all the elements of the landscape is to create a visual attraction. This will direct the viewer's attention in a way that is most conducive to appreciating their home and landscape together.

For example, take a look at your current landscape and see if you're taking full advantage of the potential of your land. Visual attraction is based on the color, line, shape, scale and texture of the landscape. LINE: lines can be horizontal, vertical, diagonal, or curved. Lines are used in landscape designs to accentuate an object, control movement, or draw attention to a focal point, such as a bonfire or water fountain.

A walkway or garden path with a direct route to a focal point will naturally attract a person to that area. On the contrary, a meandering walkway will create a sense of surprise. Repetition is created by the repeated use of elements or features to create patterns or a sequence in the landscape. The design process begins by determining the needs and desires of the user and the conditions of the site.

Order generally refers to the spatial arrangement or organization of the design and, in most cases, is achieved through balance. Knowledge of the elements and principles of design is essential for designing a landscape and working on the design process. Principles are the fundamental concepts of composition, proportion, order, repetition and unity that serve as guidelines for organizing or organizing features in order to create an aesthetically pleasing or beautiful landscape. Forest edges (or ecotones, in the language of the ecologist) are the areas of transition between the forest and the open landscape.

However, the basic concept behind natural design is quite simple: incorporating native plant communities into the designed landscape. Each site presents challenges and opportunities for individual design and expression and requires a unique application of the elements and principles. The properties of lines determine how people respond to the landscape, both emotionally and physically. Larry has received numerous awards for his work, including the New England Wildflower Society Landscape Design Award for the use of native plants in “exceptional and distinctive landscape compositions” and the Lady Bird Johnson Environmental Award from the Center for Native Plants.

The indigenous landscape is a constantly changing system composed of plants, animals, insects, microorganisms and soils. . .

Sondra Deming
Sondra Deming

Amateur sushi practitioner. Certified beer guru. Total pop culture practitioner. Avid coffee junkie. Social media trailblazer.